Net Present Value Calculator

What Is Net Present Value and How Is It Calculated?


As a business owner, you’re always looking for ways to increase the value of your real estate business. One way to do this is by understanding and utilizing net present value (NPV) calculations. Net present value is a financial metric that simply measures the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. Put more simply, it’s a way to measure whether or not a proposed investment will be profitable. 

In order to calculate NPV, you need to first understand the concept of present value. Present value is the amount of money that a future sum of money is worth today. In other words, it’s the current worth of a future stream of payments. The time value of money dictates that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar tomorrow because that dollar can be invested and earn interest in the meantime. 

What Is Net Present Value?

Net present value is a calculation that estimates the present value of future net cash flows from real estate investing. This calculation is a key part of differentiating between competing real estate investments. The net present value calculator takes into account factors such as the discount rate and the projected net cash flows to provide you with an accurate net present value figure.

How to Calculate Net Present Value

The steps for calculating NPV are as follows:

  1. Determine the expected cash inflows and outflows for the proposed investment. All cash inflows and outflows must be stated in terms of present values. 
  2. Determine the required rate of return or discount rate. This is the minimum rate of return that you would accept for making an investment. 
  3. Calculate the NPV using this formula: NPV = sum of all present values of cash inflows – sum of all present values of cash outflows. 
  4. Interpret the results of your calculation. A positive NPV means that the investment will add value to your company, while a negative NPV means that it will subtract value from your company. 

Again, the best way to understand the formula behind NPV is to start with the present value equation:

PV = cash flow / (1 + r)ⁿ


  • PV is the present value of money,
  • cash flow is the amount of money you will get in the future,
  • r is the discount rate (interest rate used in cash flow analysis), and
  • n is the number of time periods (typically, years) between now and the moment when you will receive your money.

To calculate NPV, you need to sum up the PVs of all cash flows.

How to Use Net Present Value to Compare Real Estate Investments

Once you have calculated the net present value for each investment property, you can compare them to see which one is the better investment. The investment with the higher net present value is typically considered to be the better investment.

Keep in mind that calculating NPV is just one step in deciding whether or not to make an investment. It’s important to weigh other factors as well before making a final decision. 

What Are the Expected Cash Flows?

The expected cash flows are the future net cash flows that you expect to receive from the real estate investment. These cash flows take into account factors such as rental income, expenses, and mortgage payments.

Net present value is a key calculation in real estate investing. It allows you to estimate the present value of future cash flows and compare different investments. When making a decision on which property to invest in, the net present value should be one of the factors you consider.

Net present value is a helpful tool for business owners who want to make smart investments that will increase the value of their company. By understanding how to calculate NPV, you can take some of the guesswork out of decision-making and increase your chances of success.

Is High or Low NPV Better?

Net present value (NPV) is one of the metrics you can use to measure and compare potential investments. But what is the difference between high and low NPV? Here’s a breakdown of what you need to know.

When it comes to choosing an investment, NPV is an important metric to consider. NPV measures the difference between the present value of cash inflows and outflows for a project and can help you compare different investments. 

The main difference between high and low NPV is simply the amount of money that will be generated by each project. A project with a high NPV will generate more money than a project with a low NPV. Of course, this doesn’t mean that every high NPV project is a good investment and every low NPV project is a bad investment. There are many factors to consider when choosing an investment, but NPV can be a helpful metric to use when comparing different options. 

Use NPV as one tool in your decision-making process to ensure you are making the best choices for your business.


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These resources are for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Landlords and Tenants are encouraged to seek specific legal advice for any of the issues as found in this blog.


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